Waarom sanctioneren als het anders kan?

De genese van het Belgisch overlastbeleid door diverse staatshervormingen heen

auteur Elke Devroe
tijdschrift Panopticon (ISSN: 771-1409)
jaargang Jaargang | Volume 37
aflevering Issue 4. July / August 2016
onderdeel Artikel | Article
publicatie datum 1 juli 2016
taal Dutch
pagina 290

The Belgian approach of crime and disorder came about through different state reforms. The reform of
1988 was the most important one. This article analyses the impact of these different state reforms on
the (federal) disorder Act, the Act on Administrative Communal Sanctions (1999). A reconstruction of 27
years of security policy was made based on an extensive empirical research design with 72 in-depth in-
terviews and 432 documents. The federal competences of the Minister of Interior were narrowed down
to security ‘senso stricto’ (law enforcement and repression), while regional competences led to the de-
velopment of a communal policy of care, welfare, durable living conditions and community work. Due
to exceeding competences and at federal and at regional level, a broad disorder approach was imple-
mented in municipalities, combining and community work and law enforcement (‘senso lato’). One of
the main triggers was the ongoing federal belief in prevention (prevention contracts with cities) and the
financial investments of the Flemish Social Impuls Fund (SIF).

Open Access  bekijk het artikel als PDF